On this page, we discuss the mindfulness procedure for dual diagnosis treatment centers California. Mindfulness can be described as “a non-judgmental method of taking note of emotions from the present moment.”
This means mindfulness seeks to allow us to focus our attention in the present moment. When your mind wonders for the future or past, or when powerful emotions like cravings arise, mindfulness refocuses our mind towards the present moment.
Addiction and cravings are clearly behaviours that harm you both mental and physical health and tied along with compulsion in which you feel like you are unable to stop.
Buddhism teachings state that humans hold onto desires and objects that ultimately cause suffering. This can include attachment to objects, people, substances, behaviours and abstract concepts such as identity.
Mindfulness allows us to let go of these desires slowly and gradually by increasing our awareness of these desires and compulsions. Through this heightened state of awareness, mindfulness promotes the liberty and motivation to cease harmful activities.
Intense craving for drugs and alcohol is an excellent method humans manifest this wish to ‘hold on’. Mindfulness thus increases our understanding of these desires and ultimately gives us the strength to discharge these negative desires for good.
Since mindfulness focuses on the non-judgmental knowledge of thoughts, feelings and cravings, patients are discouraged from ‘fighting’ cravings that typically produces a negative state for being.
Before we outline mindfulness and addiction therapy, we shall outline how an addiction arises to begin with. Essentially, you have stimuli which enables you feel better about yourself. You remember this good feeling and after that aim to experience this stimuli that ‘recreates’ these good feelings. Overtime this behaviour is reinforced by either positive or negative affect to the stage where cravings arise. You essentially experience urges for these particular positive feelings to continue.
Alternatively, when others are subjected to a certain environment, negative thoughts can result in negative emotions including anxiety, anger and depression. In order to reduce this anxiety, the individual may use drug or alcohol use. This may lead to substance abuse and overtime, several learned situational and emotional cues will act as ‘addiction triggers.’ These triggers “trap” anyone so the addiction takes hold. Addiction is thus an exaggeration of your basic human wish to move toward pleasure and move away from pain.
Negative emotional states and cravings are definitely the primary reason behind relapse. Traditional anti-craving medications including topiramate attempt to reduce cravings for drugs and alcohol use. However, these medications are only effective for many, and research indicates the potency of these treatments is largely influenced by patients’ genetics.
Traditional cognitive therapy likewise targets these cravings. As an illustration, CBT teaches patients to protect yourself from identified triggers of addiction, or to take part in substitute behaviours like bubble gum or chewing carrot sticks as an alternative to smoking. Traditional CBT also seeks to improve belief systems and alter unhealthy ‘automatic thoughts’ that southern California rehabilitation center. Generally, these therapies are simply moderately effective. For example, around 70% of smokers want to quit, but only around 5% succeed when traditional CBT is employed.
Mindfulness needs a different method of traditional CBT. Mindfulness tries to uncouple the website link between cravings and drug/alcohol use, and tries to prevent the craving from arising in the first place. Mindfulness promotes self-regulation of attention so that it is maintained on an immediate experience, thereby allowing for increased recognition of mental events inside the present moment.
Unlike traditional CBT, mindfulness is not going to attempt to let the patient in order to avoid or substitute addictive behaviours. Instead, mindfulness drives a wedge between cravings in addition to their resulting behaviours.
The concept of utilising mindfulness inside the combat addiction was first proposed by American psychologist Professor Alan Marlatt in the early 1980s. Professor Marlatt utilised an ancient method of mindfulness known as Vipassana to help you heavy alcohol and drug users overcome their addiction. Throughout an 8-week period Prof. Marlatt taught addicts how to meditate in the Vipassana tradition. All the participants were prison inmates. Professor Marlatt’s study showed an improvement from the participants’ mental outlook and also a lowering of substance abuse upon their release from prison.
However, these gains were not sustained after a while. Professor Marlatt attributed this to the fact that the participants failed to consistently meditate when they were released from prison.
If you’ve ever taken part in a mindfulness meditation session then it’s not hard to image why this activity has potential in aiding people that suffer from an addiction. Mindfulness helps the sufferer to further improve her or his ability to concentrate on emotions as they arise in the present moment. This improved degree of attention helps the patient to achieve a much better understanding of her or his addiction triggers, including automatic behaviours that provide life to addictive tendencies.
Guiding patients’ attention back to the current moment increases their understanding of their habitual habits and cravings so “uncoupling” of cravings and addictive behaviours might take place.As an example, if you wish to quit smoking, mindfulness will help you to recognise the vile nature of inhaling harmful chemicals and therefore motivate you to wish to stop. Mindfulness replaces automatic responses with disenchantment for the addictive behaviour. As an example, this woman who attended mindfulness sessions for smoking addiction realised that “cigarettes smells like stinky cheese and tastes like chemicals”. This woman was just able to come to this realisation because of her increased understanding of her habit gained through completing mindfulness treatment.
Patients achieve a better understanding of the internal mechanisms that occur between feeling cravings and after that undertaking addictive behaviours. Patients find out how they believe, whatever they are planning and how themselves is feeling before, during and after addictive behaviours happen. Awareness allows patients to maneuver towards change. Unawareness of such process chain patients to their addiction and mindfulness seeks to reverse this plight. Mindfulness teaches patients these people have a choice not to engage in these automatic addictive behaviours. Mindfulness helps patients to react differently to automatic thoughts, and consequently disengage from addictive behaviours. Most importantly, mindfulness empowers addicts through self-awareness of automatic thought patterns.
Mindfulness likewise helps men and women to react to discomfort differently. When an uncomfortable feeling similar to a craving or anxiety arises, mindfulness teaches these patients to recognise these discomforts, and observe them non-judgementally, instead of automatically engaging in addictive behaviours.
Furthermore, mindfulness helps patients admit they have a problem and overcome their denial. Mindfulness thus enables patients forever in recovery.
Since mindfulness teaches the patient to just accept the present moment, it also helps the person to handle negative emotions from the distance. This ultimately helps the patients to diffuse negative emotions in ways that is not going to involve the use of drugs and alcohol. Patients thus discover how to detach from attributions and “automatic” thoughts that usually result in relapse.
If you decide to implement mindfulness within your practice, we urge one to adopt the person-centred or Rogerian strategy to treatment i.e. adopting an accepting and non-judgement outlook that lets you bond together with your patient and creating an environment of “unconditional acceptance”.
Once you’ve created this environment, you will have to implement various meditation techniques. During meditation, the individual must give attention to an item. This is certainly usually the breath because it is expelled in the nose. This is recognized as mindfulness of breathing. As the mind wonders, attention must be re-dedicated to the breath dexppky63 it leaves the nose and touches the lips.
Below we list common meditation techniques you may implement:
Body scanning as taught by Jon Kabat-Zinn
Sitting meditations i.e. focused awareness (breathing) and expanding to body, emotion and thought
The above mentioned meditations typically occur in group sessions. Patients receive instructions and perform these meditations alone.
We recommend you teach the very idea of urge surfing. Urges can be a distressing feeling fuelled from a build-up of cortisol. This teaches patients that cravings are exactly like waves. Patients are taught to observe the urge wave because it rises and passes, as opposed to trying to fight or control the craving. This gives the patient to find out California alcohol rehab for their cravings, and weakens the concentration of urges after a while. Any time you surf the need the weaker that urge becomes. Should you consistently surf the need, the desire could eventually go away.